‘O My Uncle, say Laa ilaaha illa Allaah…’


ifhBy: Shaykh Saalim at-Taweel – (Translator: Abul Abbaas)

Sa’eed Ibn Al-Musayyib has reported from his father:

‘When death approached Abu Taalib,[1] the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to him and found Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umayyah in his company. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, ((O uncle, proclaim there is nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, a statement which will enable me to plead for you with Allaah.))

Abu Jahl and Abdullah Ibn Abi Umayyah said [to Abu Taalib], “Will you forsake the religion of Abdul Muttalib?”[2] The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) repeatedly said this to him, and the two of them also repeated their statement.

The final statement of Abu Taalib was about being on the religion of Abdul-Muttalib and he refused to say: La ilaaha ilIa Allah. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, ((By Allaah, I shall continue to pray for your forgiveness as long as I am not prohibited from doing so.)) [3]

It was then that Allah revealed the verse:

{It is not correct for the Prophet and those who believe, to ask Allah’s forgiveness for the Mushrikeen even though they are of kin} [9:113]

Allaah also said about Abu Taalib:

{Indeed [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills} [28:56]

This authentic hadeeth contains many benefits that a student of knowledge is in need of, therefore I wanted to mention some of what I am able to, maybe Allaah will benefit the one who is writing this as well as the reader.

So I say, and I seek Allaah’s aid, relying and returning to Him:

Benefits

1. Guidance is a virtue from Allaah the Most High, He bestows it upon whomever He wishes from His slaves. He is the most knowledgeable of those who have been guided and He guides out of His mercy whoever is deserving of it;

2. This hadeeth shows the favour of Allaah upon you O Muslim. You have proclaimed that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah; you did this out of your own will without anybody compelling you to do so. Abu Taalib, the uncle of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) refused to say it. He died upon the path of AbdulMutallib, upon the way of the people who worship idols. However, you said this statement being content with it. All praise is for Allaah, due to His blessings all good come into existence;

3. Any lineage, even if it is connected to the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam), does not benefit with Allaah as long as that servant does not perform righteous actions. The Messenger of Allaah said, ((whoever is slowed down by his actions, will not be hastened forward by his lineage.)) [4]

Abu Taalib did not enter Paradise despite being the uncle of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam), and he was a full brother to his father Abdullah; he was the one who took care of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) after the death of his grandfather AbdulMutallib;

4. Abu Taalib died a disbeliever and he refused to say ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah.’ When Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) asked the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam):

‘O Messenger of Allaah, did anything benefit Abu Taalib? He used to defend you and become angry for your sake. He replied, ((Yes, he is in the shallowest part of the Fire, and had it not been for me he would have been in the deepest depths of the Fire.))

From the strange matters – and many things are strange – that the people of desires affirm the Islaam of Abu Taalib and say he is in Paradise; whilst at the same time they proclaim that Abu Bakr (may Allaah be pleased with him) is a disbeliever, that he apostated after the death of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he is in the Fire!

{How severe is the word that comes out of their mouths; they speak not except a lie} [18:05]

I cannot comment on those people except with the saying of Allaah:

{And he to whom Allaah has not granted light – for him there is no light} [24:40]

5. The belief of Abu Taalib in the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam), and his defence of him did not save him from disbelief neither did it cause him to enter Islaam. This is because he did not proclaim (upon his tongue): ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah’ – even though he accepted it in his heart.

From that which has been narrated regarding Abu Taalib in the books of Prophetic history is that he said:

Indeed I have come to know that the religion of my Muhammed
Is the best of religions in all of creation.
Had it not been for blame, or the fear of insult
You would have found me willing in that, making it known clearly
By Allaah, they will never reach you (O Muhammed) in all their numbers
Until I am laid down, buried in the dust
So continue (O Muhammed) declaring you affair, there is no fault upon you,
Rejoice, and let your eyes delight with that.

6. This hadeeth illustrates that guidance is success from Allaah, nobody possesses it accept Allaah alone. He did not even grant it to His Prophet Muhammad (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam). He, the most High, said:

{Indeed, [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowledgeable regarding those who have been guided} [28:56]

As for guiding others through evidences and directing them to goodness, this has been given to the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam). As He said:

{…and indeed, [O Muhammad], you guide to a straight path} [47:52]

7. An example of the striving that the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) did in calling to Allaah, and his desire in calling his uncle up until the last moments of his life;

8. The leniency of the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) in calling to Allaah, and choosing kind words and names. He would say to Abu Taalib: ‘O my uncle, O my uncle’ and he informed him if he had said the ‘statement of Tawheed’, he will plead with Allaah for him;

9. The virtue of the ‘statement of Tawheed’ – Laa ilaaha illa Allaah. If Abu Taalib had said it during the last moments of his life, it would have benefitted him with Allaah;

10. The danger of keeping bad company, Abu Jahl prevented Abu Taalib from saying ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah’, this lead to Abu Taalib destroying his life in the Hereafter. Also, consider the hadeeth, ((A man is upon the religion of the person who is beloved to him, so let each one of you at the one who he befriends.))[5]

Benefit: Abdullah Ibn Abi Umayyah Ibn Al-Mugheerah is the brother in law of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) and also his cousin. He is the brother of Umm Salamah and is mentioned in the hadeeth. He accepted Islaam in the year of the conquest (of Makkah), he was martyred in the same year in the battle of Hunain. Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr mentioned in Al-Isaabah that he accompanied the Prophet (hence he is from the companions);

11. This hadeeth explains the meaning of the other hadeeth narrated by Abu Sa’eed, ((Dictate to your deceased: ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah’)) [6]

The word, ‘your deceased,’ refers to the person who death has approached and not the one who is actually dead and his soul has exited the body. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not say to his uncle, Abu Taalib, after he had died: Say ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah.’ Rather he would present this statement to him before he died. After he died, the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Surely I shall seek forgiveness him.’

This is in contradiction to the people of innovation, they say to the deceased: ‘Say Laa ilaaha illa Allaah, and if the two angels ask you then say to them: my Lord is Allaah, my religion is Islaam and my messenger is Muhammad!

It is known that the deceased do not hear. Allaah, the most High, said:

{…but you cannot make hear those in the graves} [35:22]

He, the Most High also said:

{Indeed, you will not make the dead hear…} [27:80]

12. The hadeeth shows the reason as to why the following saying of Allaah was revealed:

{Indeed [O Muhammad], you do not guide whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided} [28:56]

The scholars of Tafseer unanimously agreed that this verse was revealed due to Abu Taalib, the uncle of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam)

Sa’eed Ibn Al-Musayyib has reported from his father:

‘When death approached Abu Taalib, the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to him and found Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umayyah in his company. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, ((O uncle, proclaim there is nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, a statement which will enable me to plead for you with Allaah.))

Abu Jahl and Abdullah Ibn Abu Umayyah said, “Will you forsake the religion of Abdul Muttalib?” The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) repeatedly said this to him, and the two of them also repeated their statement.

The final statement of Abu Taalib was about being on the religion of Abdul-Muttalib and he refused to say: La ilaaha ilIa Allah. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, ((By Allaah, I shall continue to pray for your forgiveness as long as I am not prohibited to do so.)) [7]

It was then that Allah revealed the verse:

{It is not correct for the Prophet and those who believe, to ask Allah’s forgiveness for the Mushrikeen even though they are of kin} [9:113]

Benefits (Continued):

13. This hadeeth explains the reason behind the misguidance and disbelief of many people; it is due to them holding on to the way of their fathers and grandfathers. Just as Allaah said:

{And similarly, We did not send before you any warner into a city except that its affluent said, “Indeed, we found our fathers upon a religion, and we are following in their footsteps} [43:23]

14. It is not always necessary that the one being called (the one who is being preached) will answer the caller (the one who admonishes and preaches). Consider the example of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam), he had all the attributes of human perfection such as knowledge, tolerance, patience, a strong desire, being steadfast, eloquence, a good manner in explaining, cheerful, takes care to be perfumed and maintain a good appearance, he cares for the one he is preaching, honesty and a desire to advise and so on…he came to face to face with Abu Taalib and yet despite all this he did not respond to him.

15. Patience in calling to Allaah the most High, and to bear the harms in the path of Allaah. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) continued to preach to his uncle for approximately 10 years, beginning from the time when he was sent as a prophet, to the last moments of his life. Abu Taalib died in the 10th year of Prophethood, and the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) continued to admonish him until this time, until death came to him; in fact even at this time, he would repeat: ‘O my uncle, proclaim there is not deity worthy of worship so I am able to plead for you with Allaah.’

16. The hadeeth contains an example of the obedience that the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) showed towards his uncle, who was like a father to him. He did not stop preaching and advising his uncle until the last moments of his life.

17. Had Abu Taalib proclaimed that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah, he would have benefitted from it despite not having prayed, fasted nor performed any righteous actions due to his situation not allowing him to do so.

18. The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) only encouraged his uncle to say ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah’ before his final moments of life [8]

19. This authentic hadeeth contradicts all the other fabricated ahadeeth which are bought to try and prove that Abu Taalib died as a Muslim; such ahadeeth are not authentic at all.

20. Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar mentions in Fath Al-Baaree that the following verse:

{It is not correct for the Prophet and those who believe, to ask Allah’s forgiveness for the Mushrikeen even though they are of kin} [9:113]

This verse was actually revealed a while after the death of Abu Taalib; it is a general verse relating to him as well as other Mushrikeen.

21. Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr also mentions: “from the strange coincidences is that the message of Islaam reached four uncles of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) however only two of them accepted Islaam whilst two rejected it. As for the two that did not accept Islaam, their names are contrary to Islaam. Abu Taalib’s real name was actually Abd Munaaf[3] and Abu Lahab was named AbdulUzza. This is contrary to the ones who accepted Islaam – they are Hamza and Al-Abbaas.

22. An-Nawawee explained the hadeeth and said: “as for the saying of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) ‘’By Allaah, I will seek forgiveness for you…” it shows the permissibility of taking an oath even when one is not asked to do so. The oath of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) was to show his strong desire to seek forgiveness for his uncle, and to make Abu Taalib content.

23. An-Nawawee also said: “Abu Taalib died when the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) was 49 years, 8 months and 11 days old. Khadeejah (may Allaah be pleased with her) passed away after Abu Taalib by three days.

Source: madeenah.com

Footnotes:
[1] Abu Taalib, was the beloved uncle of the prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam). He looked after him from a young age, and defended him for 10 years whilst he was calling the people to Islaam. He shielded him when most of his tribe had rejected him. This hadeeth shows the story of his death; he chose to remain as a disbeliever over accepting Islaam;
[2] The religion of polytheism; idol worship;
[3] Compiled by Al-Bukhaaree & Muslim;
[4] Narrated by Abu Huraira; Collected by Muslim;
[5] Narrated by Abu Huraira; Collected by Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhee. Albaani mentioned that this hadeeth is Hassan;
[6] Narrated by Abu Sa’eed; Collected by Muslim.
[7] Compiled by Al-Bukhaaree & Muslim
[8] The prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) admonished his uncle towards the end of his life, when he was on his death bed and the signs of his demise were clear. The last actual moment of life is when the soul reaches the throat of the living person whereby he finally realises that death has come to him; at this stage the repentance is not accepted. Allaah said:
{But repentance is not accepted of those who continue to] do evil deeds up until, when death comes to one of them, he says, “Indeed, I have repented now…”} [04:18]
[9] Lit. the slave of Munaaf and the slave of Uzzah – both were idols worshipped at the period in time.

Posted on January 10, 2013, in Articles. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: