Niqab or Obedience to Parents?


Obedience to parents

(Part No. 1; Page No. 541)

The first question from Fatwa no. ( 5994 ):

Q : A young lady wants to wear Niqab (face veil), knowing that it is Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text), but her parents refuse and tell her that her obedience to them is also a Fard that takes precedence over wearing Niqab. Are the parents right? Does this mean that she should abandon wearing Niqab? How could this be in accordance with the Messenger’s saying, Anyone who turns away from my Sunnah is not one of my (followers). Moreover, even though Niqab is Wajib (obligatory, based on a speculative text), it is known that Fard is the same as Wajib according to the Four Schools of Jurisprudence, except for that of Imam Malik who maintained that Wajib comes in intermediate status between Fard and Nafilah (supererogatory). Kindly give us your Fatwa in this regard. If wearing Niqab is Fard, how can this girl abide by that obligation, while her father threatens to pull her Niqab off in public if he sees her wearing it. He takes this attitude because he thinks that wearing Niqab will jeopardize the girl’s brothers.

A: It should be known that obedience to parents is obligatory provided that what they request is reasonable and approved by the Shari`ah (Islamic law). If obedience to parents leads to committing sins, then there should be no obedience to them. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Truly, obedience is only in what is good. Therefore, the girl should stick to wearing the Niqab, and try to convince her parents by explaining the legal ruling, without being bothered by their threats. Furthermore, she should always seek Allah’s Help and the help of the pious relatives within the family who can advise them, so that Allah may benefit them with such advice.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

( الجزء رقم : 1، الصفحة رقم: 541)

السؤال الأول من الفتوى رقم ( 5994 ):

س1: إذا أرادت فتاة أن ترتدي النقاب وهي قرأت أنه فرض ولكن والدها وأمها رفضا وقالا لها: إن طاعتهما فرض أكثر من النقاب، فهل هذا حق؟ وهل معنى أن نتركها؟ وكيف والرسول يقول:  من رغب عن سنتي فليس مني  ، وأيضًا إن كان واجبًا فالواجب كالفرض في المذاهب الأربعة عدا مذهب الإِمام مالك فهو يراه بين الفرض والنافلة فنرجو الإِجابة، فإذا كان فرضًا فكيف أرتدي وأبي يهددني بأنني لو ارتديت هذا النقاب لخلع عني الحجاب على الملأ؛ لأن هذا النقاب سيثير الشبهة على إخوتي الرجال؟

ج1: طاعة الوالدين واجبة في المعروف، وأما إذا أمرا بمعصية فلا طاعة لهما؛ لما ثبت من قول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: إنما الطاعة في المعروف  ، فالتزمي بالحجاب وحاولي إقناعهما وتبيين الحكم لهما، ولا تلقي بالاً لتهديداتهما، واستعيني بالله سبحانه على ذلك ثم بالطيبين من أقاربك ينصحوهم، لعل الله أن ينفعهما بذلك.

وبالله التوفيق. وصلى الله على نبينا محمد، وآله وصحبه وسلم.

اللجنة الدائمة للبحوث العلمية والإِفتاء

عضو عضو نائب رئيس اللجنة الرئيس
عبد الله بن قعود عبد الله بن غديان عبد الرزاق عفيفي عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن باز

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Posted on July 4, 2013, in Q/A Session (Question & Answer) and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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